Tag Archives: Martin Luther

Luther and Galatians

As I’m sure you’re aware, 2017 is the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s 95 theses and the beginning of the Protestant Reformation. Luther had a dynamic relationship with Galatians and published numerous “commentaries” on it. I thought it would be fun to see how many recent articles and books look at the relationship of Luther and Galatians. I was a little overwhelmed with the number of resources that came up. If you’re interested in an informative overview I would recommend the introductions in the two Luther’s Works volumes edited by  Jaroslav Pelikan and Walter A. Hansen listed below. For your edification here is a list of what came across my path, alphabetical by author:

[Updated on October 17 with additional resources from comments and elsewhere]

Anderson, Marvin W. “Luther’s sola fide in Italy, 1542-1551.” Church History. 38:1 (1969): 25-42.

Artinian, Robert G. “Luther After the Stendahl/Sanders Revolution: A Responsive Evaluation of Luther’s View of First-Century Judaism in His 1535 Commentary on Galatians.” Trinity Journal. 27:1 (2006): 77-99.

Augustijn, Cornelis. “Erasmus von Rotterdam im Galaterbriefkommentar Luthers von 1519.”   Lutherjahrbuch. 49 (1982): 115-132.

Barclay, John M.G. “The Text of Galatians and the Theology of Luther.” In, Reformation Readings of Paul: Explorations in History and Exegesis. Edited by Michael Allen and Jonathan Lindbaugh. IVP Academic, 2015. 49-72.

Bertram, Robert W. “Radical Dialectic between Faith and Works in Luther’s Lectures on Galatians (1535).” In, Luther for an Ecumenical Age; Essays in Commemoration of the 450th Anniversary of the Reformation. Edited by Carl Meyer. St Louis: Concordia, 1967. 219-241.

Bird, Michael F. “What if Martin Luther Had Read the Dead Sea Scrolls? Historical Particularity and Theological Interpretation in Pauline Theology: Galatians as a Test Case.” Journal of Theological Interpretation. 3:1(2009): 107-125.

Blank, Rudolph Henry. “Six Theses Concerning Freedom in Christ and Liberation: Liberation in Galatians, Luther, and Liberation Theology.” Concordia Journal. 20:3 (1994): 236-260.

Bluhm, Heinz S. “Emser’s ‘Emendation’ of Luther’s New Testament: Galatians I.” MLN. 81:4 (1966): 370-97.

Bluhm, Heinz S. “Luther and the First Printed English Bible: Epistle to the Galatians.” Anglican Theological Review. 40:4 (1958): 264-294.

Bluhm, Heinz S. Luther, Translator of Paul: Studies in Romans and Galatians. New York: Peter Lang Publishing, 1985.

Bluhm, Heinz S. “The Rendering of Galatians 3:23-4:2 in the Printed High German Plenaria and in Luther’s Christmas Postil.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology. 64 (1965): 213-231.

Bluhm, Heinz S. “Sources of Luther’s Septembertestament: Galatians.” In, Luther for an Ecumenical Age; Essays in Commemoration of the 450th Anniversary of the Reformation. Edited by Carl Meyer. St Louis: Concordia Pub House, 1967. 144-171.

Bornkamm, Karin. Luthers Auslegungen des Galaterbriefs von 1519 und 1531; ein Vergleich. (Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte; 35) Berlin, De Gruyter, 1963.

Camden, Vera J. “‘Most Fit for a Wounded Conscience’: The Place of Luther’s ‘Commentary on Galatians’ in Grace Abounding.” Renaissance Quarterly. 50:3 (1997): 819-49.

Camden, Vera J. “‘Most Fit for a Wounded Conscience’: The Place of Luther’s ‘Commentary on Galatians’ in Grace Abounding.” In, Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800, Volume 150. Edited by Thomas J. Schoenberg and Lawrence J. Trudeau. Farmington Hills: Gale, 2008. 215-229.

Chester, Stephen. “It is No Longer I Who Live: Justification by Faith and Participation in Christ in Martin Luther’s Exegesis of Galatians.” New Testament Studies. 55:3 (2009): 315-337.

Chester, Stephen J. “Faith Working Through Love (Galatians 5:6): The Role of Human Deeds in Salvation in Luther and Calvin’s Exegesis.” The Covenant Quarterly. 72:3-4 (2014): 41-54.

Dubbelman, Samuel J. “The Darkness of Faith: A Study in Martin Luther’s 1535 Galatians Commentary.” Trinity Journal. ns 37:2 (2016): 213-232.

Ebeling, Gerhard. “Fides occidit rationem: Ein Aspekt der theologia crucis in Luthers Auslegung von Gal 3,6.” In Theologia Crucis – Signum Crucis: Festschrift für Erich Dinkler zum 70. Geburtstag. Edited by Erich Dinkler, Carl Andresen and Gunter Klein. Tübingen: J C B Mohr, 1979. 97-135.

Feld, Helmut. “Lutherus Apostolus: kirchliches Amt und apostolische Verantwortung in der Galaterbrief-Auslegung Martin Luthers.” In Wort Gottes in der Zeit: Festschrift Karl Hermann Schelkle zum 65sten Geburstag dargebracht von Kollegen, Freunden, Schülern. Edited by Helmut Feld and Josef Nolte. Düsseldorf: Patmos-Verlag, 1973. 288-304.

Femiano, S. “Holy Spirit in Luther’s Commentary on Galatians.” Canadian Journal of Theology. 8:1 (1962): 43-48.

Fink, David C. “Martin Luther’s Reading of Galatians.” In, Reformation Readings of Paul: Explorations in History and Exegesis. Edited by Michael Allen and Jonathan Lindbaugh. IVP Academic, 2015. 23-48.

Garcia, Javier A. “A Critique of Mannermaa on Luther and Galatians.” Lutheran Quarterly. ns 27:1 (2013): 33-55.

Garcia, Javier A. “‘Not an Idle Quality of an Empty Husk in the Heart’”: A Critique of Tuomo Mannermaa on Luther and Galatians.” In, Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel, and Ethics in Paul’s Letter. Edited by Mark W. Elliott, et al. Baker Academic, 2014. 132-142.

Genderen, J van. “Luthers versie op wet en evangelie: met name in het grote commentaar op de brief aan de galaten.” In, Luther en het gereformeerd Protestantisme. The Hague: Uitgeverij Boekencentrum B V, 1982. 249-282.

Gritsch, Eric W. “Martin Luther’s Commentary on Gal 5,2-24, 1519 (WA 2,574-597) and Sermon on Gal 4,1-7, 1522 (WA 10 I 1,325-378).” In, Freiheit als Liebe bei Martin Luther (Freedom as Love in Martin Luther). Edited by Dennis D. Bielfeldt. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 1995. 105-111.

Gerdes, Oder Hayo. “Luther und Augustin uber den Streit zwischen Petrus und Paulus zu Antiochien (Gal 2, 11ff).” Luther—Jahrbuch. 29 (1962): 9-24.

Hafemann, Scott. “Yaein: Yes and No to Luther’s Reading of Galatians 3:6-14.” In, Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel, and Ethics in Paul’s Letter. Edited by Mark W. Elliott, et al. Baker Academic, 2014. 117-131.

Hagen, Kenneth. “Did Peter Err? The Text is the Best Judge: Luther on Gal 2:11.” In, Augustine, the Harvest, and Theology (1300-1650): Essays Dedicated to Heiko Augustinus Oberman in Honor of His Sixtieth Birthday. Edited by Kenneth Hagen. Leiden: E J Brill, 1990. 110-126.

Hagen, Kenneth. Luther’s Approach to Scripture as Seen in His “Commentaries” on Galatians, 1519-1538. Tübingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1993. 3161459776, 9783161459771.

Holmes, Arthur B. “Conscience as Soteriological Battlefield: The Concept of Conscientia Operative in Luther’s Galatians Lectures of 1531.” Drew Gateway. 42:1 (1971): 51.

Hultgren, Arland J. “Luther on Galatians.” Word & World. 20:3 (2000): 232-238.

Jacobi, Thorsten. “Christen heissen Freie”: Luthers Freiheitsaussagen in den Jahren 1515-1519. (Beiträge zur historischen Theologie; 101) Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 1997.

Just, Arthur A. Jr. “The Faith of Christ: A Lutheran Appropriation of Richard Hays’s Proposal.” Concordia Theological Quarterly. 70:1 (2006): 3-15.

http://www.ctsfw.net/media/pdfs/justfaithofchrist.pdf

Kim, Sun-young. Luther on Faith and Love: Christ and the Law in the 1535 Galatians Commentary. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2014. 145148772X, 9781451487725.

Kleinknecht, Hermann. Gemeinschaft ohne Bedingungen: Kirche und Rechtfertigung in Luthers grosser Galaterbrief-Vorlesung von 1531. (Calwer theologische Monographien. Reihe B,

Systematische Theologie und Kirchengeschichte; 7) Stuttgart: Calwer Verlag, 1981. 3766806793.

Koivisto, Jussi Kalervo. “Martin Luther’s Conception of fascinare (Gal. 3:1).” Biblical Interpretation. 19:4-5 (2011): 471-495.

Kolb, Robert. “The Influence of Luther’s Galatians Commentary of 1535 on Later Sixteenth-Century Lutheran Commentaries on Galatians.” In, Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte. 84 (1993): 156-184.

Krejberg, Jens S. “Lovens ‘rette brug’ i den store Galaterbrevskommentar.” Martin Luther – i kamp for troen. Fredericia: Lohses Forlag, 1983. 60-72.

Kunze, Johannes. Erasmus und Luther: Der Einfluss des Erasmus auf die Kommentierung des Galaterbriefes und der Psalmen durch Luther 1519-1521. (Arbeiten zur historischen und systematischen Theologie) Lit Publishing, 2000. 3825848884, 9783825848880

Linebaugh, Jonathan A. “The Christo-Centrism of Faith in Christ: Martin Luther’s Reading of Galatians 2.16,19-20.” New Testament Studies. 59:4 (2013): 535-544.

Luther, Martin. Luther’s Works Volume 26. Lectures on Galatians 1535: Chapters 1-4. Edited by Jaroslav Pelikan and Walter A. Hansen. Translated by Jaroslav Pelikan. St. Loius: Concordia, 1963.

Luther, Martin. Luther’s Works Volume 27. Lectures on Galatians 1535: Chapters 5-6. Lectures on Galatians 1519: Chapters 1-6. Edited by Jaroslav Pelikan and Walter A. Hansen. Translated by Jaroslav Pelikan and Richard Jungkuntz. St. Loius: Concordia, 1964.

Mannermaa, Tuomo. Christ Present in Faith: Luther’s View of Justification. Minneapolis: Fortress. 2005.

Manns, Peter. “Absolute and Incarnate Faith–Luther on Justification in the Galatians’ Commentary of 1531-1535.” In Catholic Scholars Dialogue with Luther. Edited by Jared Wicks. Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1970. 121-156.

Maschke, Timothy. “The Authority of Scripture: Luther’s Approach to Allegory in Galatians.” Logia. 4:2 (1995): 25-31.

Mau, Rudolf. “Liebe als gelebte Freiheit der Christen: Luthers Auslegung von G 5,13-24 im Kommentar von 1519.” Lutherjahrbuch. 59 (1992): 11-37.

Parker, Thomas D. “The Interpretation of Scripture I. A Comparison of Calvin and Luther on Galatians.” Interpretation. 17:1 (1963): 61-75.

Parry, David. “John Bunyan and Edwin Sandys on Luther’s Galatians Commentary.” Notes and Queries. 61 (259) (3) ( 2014): 377-380.

Patkus, Ronald Dennis. “Biblical Commentary as Reformation Commodity: The Role of the Paratext in Luther’s Galatians.” Reformation. 13 (2008): 51-75.

Payne, J. Barton. “The Significance of Lutheranizing Changes in Erasmus’ Interpretation of Paul’s Letters to the Romans and the Galatians.” In, Histoire de l’exégèse au XVIe siècle: Textes du Colloque International, Genève, 1976. (Etudes de philologie et d’histoire; 34). Edited by  Olivier Fatio, and Pierre Fraenkel. Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1978. 312-330.

Peura, Simo. “Iustitia christiana in Luthers später Auslegung des Galaterbriefs (1531/1535).” Lutherjahrbuch. 71 (2004): 179-210.

Porter, Lawrence B. “Luther on Church Unity: The Commentary on Galatians (1535).” Mid-Stream. 20:2 (1981): 159-176.

Rosebrock, Matthew. “Luther’s Visual Theology: The Lectures on Galatians and Cranach’s Law and Gospel Paintings.” Concordia Journal. 42:4 (2016): 332-339.

Schott, Erdmann. “Lex paedagogus noster fuit in Christo Jesu (Vulgata): Zu Luthers Auslegung von Gal 3:24.” Theologische Literaturzeitung. 95:8 (1970): 561-570.

Seifrid, Mark A. “Paul, Luther, and Justification in Gal 2:15-21.” Westminster Theological Journal. 65:2 (2003): 215-230.

Steindl, Helmut. “Gott, Mensch und Gesetz: zur Unerfüllbarkeit des Gesetzes nach Luthers grosser Galaterbriefvorlesung.” Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie und Theologie. 30:1-2 (1983): 385-401.

Strelow, Luisivan V. “The Relationship of Christ and Faith in Luther’s Great Galatians Commentary (1531/1535), Section 2:16-21.” Concordia Seminary; S.T.M. Thesis, 1991

Taube, Roselies. Gott und das Ich: erörtert in einer Auseinandersetzung mit Luthers Lehre über Glaube und Liebe in seinem Galater-Kommentar (1531/35). (Europäische Hochschulschriften. Reihe XXIII, Theologie; 259) New York: P. Lang, 1986.

**Vind, Anna. “Luther’s Commentary on Galatians 1519.” Lutherjahrbuch. 80 (2013): 248-251.

Volz, Hans. “Eine neue studentische Nachschrift von Luthers erster Galaterbriefvorlesung von 1516/17.” Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte. 66:1-2 (1954-1955): 72-96.

Wengert, Timothy. “Martin Luther on Galatians 3:6-14: Justification by Curses and Blessings.” In, Galatians and Christian Theology: Justification, the Gospel, and Ethics in Paul’s Letter. Edited by Mark W. Elliott, et al. Baker Academic, 2014. 91-116.

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