Category Archives: Galatians 4

Benjamin J Lappenga on Galatians 4:12-20

I haven’t been able to find an abstract for this article but JBL is widely available so have a look.

Lappenga, Benjamin J. “Misdirected Emulation and Paradoxical Zeal: Paul’s Redefinition of ‘The Good’ as Object of ζῆλος in Galatians 4:12-20. Journal of Biblical Literature. 131:4 (2012): 775-796.


Karl M. Schmidt on Galatians 4:19

Schmidt, Karl M. “Die Wehen des Völkerapostels: Gal 4,19 und die topographische Verankerung des Heidenapostolats innerhalb von Gal 1,13-2,14 und Gal 4,21-31.” Studien zum Neuen Testament und seiner Umwelt. 36 (2011): 111-156.

Andrew Perriman on Galatians 4:21-5:1 available online

Rob Bradshaw has posted Perriman’s article online for all to view. Thanks Rob and keep up the good work! Surf on over for a look.

Andrew C. Perriman, “The Rhetorical Strategy of Galatians 4:21-5:1.” Evangelical Quarterly. 65:1 (1993): 27-42.

Jakob Wöhrle on Galatians 4:21-31

You’ll have to read German for this one but it looks interesting. “Isaac and Ishmael: The relationship of the two sons of Abraham according to Genesis 17 and Galatians 4.21-31.”

Jakob Wöhrle, “Isaak und Ismael: zum Verhältnis der beiden Abrahamsöhne nach Genesis 17 und Galater 4,21-31.” Evangelische Theologie. 71:2 (2011): 115-132. HT

For those of you only conversant in English but are interested in the Ishmael angle in Galatians you can check out the following:

Borgen, Peder. “Some Hebrew and Pagan Features in Philo’s and Paul’s Interpretation of Hagar and Ishmael.” In, New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism. Edited by Peder Borgen and Soren Giversen. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press, 1995. 151-164.

Bruce, F. F. “‘Abraham Had Two Sons’ A Study in Pauline Hermeneutics.” In, New Testament Studies: Essays in Honor of Ray Summers in His Sixty-Fifth Years. Ed. Huber L. Drumwright and Curits Vaughan. Waco: Markham Press Fund, 1975. 71-84.

Thomas, Kenneth J. “Covenant in Relation to Hagar and Ishmael in Galatians.” Bible Translator. 37:4 (1986): 445-446.

John K. Goodrich on Paul’s metaphor in Gal 4:1-2

John K. Goodrich, “Guardians, not Taskmasters: The Cultural Resonances of Paul’s Metaphor in Galatians 4.1-2.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament. 32:3 (2010): 251-284.

In this article Goodrich seeks to show that Paul is not referring to the Exodus motif in the use of this metaphor. He defends the traditional position that this is to be read against the backdrop of Graeco-Roman guardianship laws. The full abstract, and article if you have access, is available here.

Michael Wolter on Galatians 4:21-31 and Romans 9-11

Just out is an article on Galatians 4 and Romans 9-11. Much has been written about Paul’s use of the analogy/allegory between Hagar/son of slavery and Jerusalem above/son of freedom. It will be interesting to see what Wolter has to say.

Michael Wolter, “Das Israelproblem nach Gal 4,21-31 und Röm 9-11.” Zeitschrift für Theologie und Kirche. 107:1 (2010): 1-30.


Two papyrus fragments and Galatians 4

A new article has appeared:

Hans Förster, “Zwei Papyrusfragmente mit sahidischen Texten aus dem Neuen Testament (Lk 9,12b. 17c-18. 22b-23a und Gal 4,20c-24a. 25c-28): Edition von P.Vindob. K. 7654 und P.Vindob. K. 7598.” Mitteilungen zur christlichen Archäologie. 15 (2009): 77-84.

“Two papyrus fragments with Sahidic texts from the New Testament (Luke 9.12 b. 17c-18th 22b-23a and Gal 4.20 c-24a. 25c-28): Edition of P. Vindob. K 7654 and P . Vindob. K. 7598.”