Category Archives: Galatians 1

Mounce on Immediately in Galatians 1:16

This week’s Monday with Mounce looks at the word “immediately / εὐθέως” in Galatians 1:16. He argues that it can mean the same as εὐθύς; it doesn’t just mean immediately in the urgent sense but in the “sense of the next thing that was done.” As a consequence he believes the NLT rendering to be most accurate: “When this happened, I did not rush out to consult with any human being.”

This approach seems reasonable as he lists a number of other passages where this meaning would make sense. One aspect of semantic range that I haven’t seen commented on with regard to koine Greek is how location changes meaning. Perhaps we simply don’t have enough extant literature to come to any conclusions in this regard but it is certainly worth consideration. For example, in some locations (especially big cities) people are more time conscious and immediately means now! In other places time is more elastic and immediately could mean anything from an hour to a week. I guess the same applies to cable installers.

One other comment on his article in relation to “perishable.” I not sure I agree with his comment that pigs die rather than perish. Food perishes and pigs are valuable food. How many times have your heard food banks, etc. making an appeal for donations of non-perishable food?

Debbie Dunn on Pleasing God or Pleasing People

Biblica has posted its latest issue and it includes an article on Galatians. I see that they have changed their presentation to graphics which preserves the formatting but prevents searching. I’m kind of surprised that they don’t just give us pdf files but I suppose they are trying to prevent them from being widely distributed.

Debbie Hunn, “Pleasing God or Pleasing People? Defending the Gospel in Galatians 1–2.” Biblica. 91:1 (2010): 24-49.

Cromhout on Galatians 1:13

I came across the following article from earlier this year. You can click through for the abstract and link to download it in PDF format. He seeks to answer the question of whether Paul was “Jewish” or not.

Markus Cromhout, “Paul’s ‘Former Conduct in the Judean Way of Life’ (Gal 1:13) … or Not?” HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies. 65:1 (2009): 12pp.

EThOS update

If you are not familiar with EThOS it is a British service providing dissertations from a number of institutions. When I first heard about it in March I requested copies of all the listed dissertations on Galatians. Unfortunately, I was notified today that one of them will not be available because the university has run out of funding for digitising dissertations. For the low low price of £40 I can still order it but the days of free seem to be over for at least one school. If you are interested feel free to drop some money on this one:

Ciampa, Roy E.What Does the Scripture Say?: An Analysis of the Presence and Function of Scripture in Galatians 1-2. PhD; University of Aberdeen, 1996.

Steven Runge on meta-comments in Galatians

Over on Steve Runge’s blog he has been writing about the Lexham Discourse Greek New Testament of which he was general editor. This resource was produced by Logos Bible Software. In today’s post he explains meta-comments using Galatians 1:9 as his example. It is an interesting post showing the nice layout of the LDGNT. I don’t think anyone could have missed the meta-comment in Galatians 1:9 given Paul’s emphasis and his repetition of the point but obviously this method of presentation highlights it and provides for easier searching of meta-comments in general.

SBL 2008

As you are probably aware the annual SBL meeting is in Boston this year from November 21-25. The preliminary program book has been posted and there are several sessions involving Galatians.

Without further adieu here is a list of sessions:

  • SBL22-64 Intertextuality in the New Testament Consultation

1:00 PM to 2:30 PM
Theme: Exploring the Pauline Letters
James Carlson, Fuller Theological Seminary
The Juxtaposition of Deuteronomy 27:26 and Leviticus 18:5 in Galatians 3:10–13 (25 min)
Discussion (5 min)

  • SBL23-11 Biblical Law

Joint Session With: Biblical Law, Rhetoric and the New Testament
9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Theme: The Rhetorical Use of Biblical Law in the New Testament and Related Early Christian Texts
E. P. Sanders, Duke University
Was Paul a Prooftexter? The Case of Galatians 3 (35 min)
Discussion (25 min)

  • SBL23-35 Pauline Epistles

9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Martinus C. de Boer, Vrije Universiteit-Amsterdam
Pistis in Galatians (25 min)
Discussion (10 min)

De Boer’s Galatians commentary will be published on September 30 in the New Testament Library series and should be a big seller at the conference. I expect this to be an interesting session and for him to be a busy man

  • SBL23-44 Violence and Representations of Violence among Jews and Christians

9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Brigitte Kahl, Union Theological Seminary
“Dying Gauls” and Christ Crucified: Reimagining the Galatian Hermeneutics of Self and Other (20 min)

Kahl has written a number of articles exploring Galatians in relation to feminist studies. This article seems to be a departure from that and will explore the portrayal of Gauls in Roman times and the relationship to Christ Crucified.

  • SBL23-137 Performance Criticism of Biblical and Other Ancient Texts Consultation

4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Theme: Provoking Audience Action and Reaction
Bernhard Oestreich, Theologische Hochschule Friedensau
Oral Performance before a Split Audience: Letter Reading in Rome, Galatia, and Corinth (25 min)

  • SBL23-149 Use, Influence, and Impact of the Bible

Theme: The Use and Impact of Galatians: Reflections on Recent Research

Judith Kovacs, University of Virginia, Presiding
Judith Kovacs, University of Virginia, Panelist (10 min)
Tobias Nicklas, University of Regensburg, Panelist (20 min)
John Riches, University of Glasgow, Respondent (15 min)
Discussion (15 min)
Break (10 min)
Margaret Mitchell, University of Chicago, Panelist (20 min)
Martin Meiser, Universitaet des Saarlandes, Respondent (15 min)
Joseph Verheyden, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Panelist (10 min)
Discussion (35 min)

Unfortunately there is no abstract for this session but it will no doubt be interesting. John Riches’ commentary on Galatians in the Blackwell Bible Commentaries series was released this year: Galatians Through the Centuries ($99.95!). I’m sure it will be half off at the book booth but that still seems pricey.

  • SBL24-121 History of Interpretation

4:00 PM to 6:30 PM
Theme: Abrosiaster: The Great Anonymous of Latin Exegesis
Stephen A. Cooper, Franklin and Marshall College
“The Savior’s Cross Is the Jews’ Sin and a Curse upon Them”: Ambrosiaster on Galatians 3:13 (20 min)
Discussion (30 min)

Cooper will be examining Ambrosiaster’s anti-Jewish remarks linked to Galatians 3:13 such as the one in his title.

  • SBL 25-12 Feminist Hermeneutics of the Bible

9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Theme: Showing Impact and Uses of Feminist Methodologies
Abigail April Redman, Vanderbilt University
The Allegory of Exclusion: The Shadow of Hagar on Paul’s Universal Message (? min)
Discussion (? min)

Redman asks how Paul can tell the allegory of the Gentile, female, slave Hagar when he has just made the statement that there is neither Jew nor Greek, male nor female, slave nor free (3:28). I will be interested to see how she fits this into the overall message of Galatians.

  • SBL 25-28 Use of Cognitive Linguistics in Biblical Interpretation

9:00 AM to 11:30 AM
Theme: Cognitive Takes on Contended Texts
Jesper Tang Nielsen, Copenhagen University
The Cognitive Structures of the Concept of Atonement (30 min)

Nielsen looks at the pre-Pauline traditions associated with Galatians 1:4.

For an abstract of each session visit the SBL website or wait for the program book to arrive in your mailbox.