Monthly Archives: July 2010

Debbie Hunn on Christ verses the Law

I haven’t had a chance to read it but there is an interesting sounding article in the latest issue of CBQ:

Debbie Hunn, “Christ Versus the Law: Issues in Galatians 2:17-18.” Catholic Biblical Quarterly. 72:3 (2010): 537-555.

Review of Brigitte Kahl, Galatians Re-Imagined: Reading With the Eyes of the Vanquished

Review of Biblical Literature has just posted a review by Vernon K. Robbins of

Kahl, Brigitte. Galatians Re-Imagined: Reading With the Eyes of the Vanquished. (Paul in Critical Contexts) Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 2009. 0800638646, 9780800638641.

I’ll let you read the review and decide whether Robbins is right when he concludes: “This is a book every New
Testament interpreter should digest as soon as possible.” That’s quite an endorsement! But does it say more about the book or Robbins?

The Greek Text of Galatians

I just learned that Stephen C. Carlson is interested in Swanson and the text of Galatians because his dissertation is going to be on the text of Galatians and its history. In honour of his work, which will hopefully be available on DukeSpace in the not too distant future, here is a bibliography of some works related to the text of Galatians.

Aland, Barbara and Andreas Juckel, eds. Das Neue Testament in syrischer Überlieferung II: Die Paulinischen Briefe, Teil 2: Korintherbrief, Galaterbrief,… (Arbeiten zur neutestamentlichen Textforschung, 23). de Gruyter, 1995. 3110146134.
Reviewed by William L. Petersen:

Aland, Kurt, ed. Text und Textwert der griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testaments II:
Die Paulinischen Briefe, vol. 3: Galaterbrief bis Philipperbrief
. (Arbeiten zur Neutestamentlichen Textforschung, 18). de Gruyter, 1991.

Bligh, John. Galatians in Greek: A Structural Analysis of St. Paul’s Epistle to the Galatians, with Notes on the Greek. Detroit: University of Detroit Press, 1966.

Bover y Oliver, José María. “Textus codicis claromontani (D) in epistula ad Galatas.” Biblica. 12:2 (1931): 199-218.

Clemons, James Thomas. “Studies in the Syriac Text of Galatians.” PhD; Duke University, 1963.

Detering, Hermann. “The Original Version of the Epistle to the Galatians – Explanations.” Translated by Frans Joris Fabri, 2003.
Holds to the view that Marcion compiled Galatians along with Paul’s other letters.

Elliott, J. K. “Review of ‘Reuben Sawson ed. New Testament Greek Manuscripts: Variant Readings Arranged in Horizontal Lines Against Codex Vaticanus. Galatians. Wheaton: Tyndale House, 1999.’” Novum Testamentum. 43:2 (2001): 178-180.

Eshbaugh, Howard. “Textual Variants and Theology: A Study of the Galatians Text of Papyrus 46.” Journal for the Study of the New Testament. 3 (1979): 60-72.

Förster, Hans “Zwei Papyrusfragmente mit sahidischen Texten aus dem Neuen Testament (Lk 9,12b. 17c-18. 22b-23a und Gal 4,20c-24a. 25c-28): Edition von P.Vindob. K. 7654 und P.Vindob. K. 7598” Mitteilungen zur christlichen Archäologie. 15 (2009): 77-84.

Lagrange, M. J. “La Vulgate latine de l’épître aux Galates et le texte grec.” Revue Biblique. NS 14 (1917): 424-450.

Morton, Andrew Queen, Sidney Michaelson, and David Thompson. A Critical Concordance to the Letter of Paul to the Galatians. Wooster: Biblical Research Associates, 1980.

Prins, Johannes Jacobus. “De brief aan de Galatiërs in de Edit. N.T. VIII van Tischendorf.” Theologisch Tijdschrift. 6 (1872): 615-627.

Prins, Johannes Jacobus. “Twee uitgaven van den brief aan de Galatiërs, Winer en Wieteler.” Jaarbb. v.W. Theol. D. III, (1860): 406-434.

Reeve, Anne., ed. Erasmus’ Annotations on the New Testament: Galatians to the Apocalypse: Facsimile of the Final Latin Text With All Earlier Variants. Brill Academic Publishers, 1993. 9004099069.

Silva, Moisés. “The Text of Galatians: Evidence from the Earliest Greek Manuscripts.” In, Scribes and Scripture: New Testament Essays in Honor of J. Harold Greenlee. Edited by David Alan Black. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns, 1992. 17-25. 0931464706.

Swanson, Reuben., ed. New Testament Greek Manuscripts: Variant Readings Arranged in Horizontal Lines Against Codex Vaticanus. Galatians. Wheaton: Tyndale House, 1999. 0842339744. William Carey, 2002. 0865850690.

van Manen, W. C. “Marcions Brief van Paulus aan de Galatiers.” Theologisch tijdschrift. Vol 21 Leiden (1887): 528-533. Transcribed into English by D. J. Mahar (1998).
Available at:

Wallace, Daniel B. “Galatians 3:19-20: A Crux Interpretum for Paul’s View of the Law.” Westminster Theological Journal. 52:2 (1990): 233-34.
Wallace discusses the textual variants in 3:19.

Wachtel, Klaus and Klaus Witte, eds. Die paulinischen Briefe, Teil 2: Gal, Eph, Phil, Kol, 1 u. 2 Thess, 1 u. 2 Tim, Tit, Phlm, Hebr. (vol. 2 of Das Neue Testament auf Papyrus) Berlin: de Gruyter, 1994. LXVII-XC. 3110146126, 9783110146127.

Weiss, Bernhard. Textkritik der paulinische Briefe. (Texte und Unterschungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literature 14,3) Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1896.

Wolfe, Charles E. “A New Path: How a Textual Variant Provides Additional Insight.” Christian Ministry. 10:1 (1979): 19-21.
Galatians 2:1-5

Wouters, A. ed. The Chester Beatty Codex AC 1499: A Graeco-Latin Lexicon on the Pauline Epistles and a Greek Grammar. (Chester Beatty Monographs, no. 12; Leuven: Peeters, 1988). 9068311247, 9789068311242.
Reviewed by J. N. Birdsall, Classical Review. 40 (1998): 152-3.

Zimmer, Friedrich. “Zur Textkritik des Galaterbriefes.” Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Theologie. 24 (1881): 481-493; 25 (1882): 327-343; 26 (1883): 294-308.

More errata for Swanson’s collation

Stephen C. Carlson has continued his examination of Swanson and has some errata for his work regarding Codex D compared to Tischendorf. Carlson is obviously a busy man…or has too much time on his hands :).

Galatians roundup

Blog posts on Galatians seem to be feast or famine. We can go a couple of weeks with nothing and then suddenly there are several to report.

Michael F. Bird reports that the two most persuasive arguments he has read regarding Gal. 2.11-14 are by Mark Nanos and Peter Tomson. You can check out the reasons for that here or read Tomson’s book, the details of which are below.

Peter J. Tomson, Paul and the Jewish Law: Halakha in the Letters of the Apostle to the Gentiles. (Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum. Section Three. Jewish Traditions in Early Christian Literature, 1). Assen: Van Gorcum, 1990. 9023224906, 9789023224907. Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1991. 080062467X, 9780800624675.

Peter M. Head looks at the argument of Angela Standhartinger [“Colossians and the Pauline School” NTS 50 (2004): 571-593] with relation to Galatians and concludes that she overstretches the evidence in making her conclusion that Paul did not anticipate his letters being copied.

Stephen C. Carlson reports on extensive errata in Swanson’s collation of C in Galatians.

Timothy Ashworth on Spirit-Led Freedom

In a somewhat different vein is this article from Timothy Ashworth, “Spirit-Led Freedom: Examining a Significant Detail in Galatians.” Scripture Bulletin. 40:2 (2010): 75-87. It is a Quaker explanation of how a Christian can affirm continuing moral discipline alongside the radical nature of freedom in the Spirit.

It is a summary of the argument in his book Paul’s Necessary Sin: The Experience of Liberation. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006. 0754654990, 9780754654995.

You can read the abstract and download the article here.

A couple items of note

Stephen C. Carlson has compared Swanson’s collation with Codex Alexandrinus (A) and is quite impressed with the results. He notes only two minor issues one of which also concerns NA28.

Elsewhere Ken Schenck has continued his series on the faith of Jesus, discussing Romans and Galatians.